Magnesium sulfate monohydrate is a very important product, and it is also playing an increasingly important role. From the chemical structure point of view, magnesium monohydrate is a hydrated magnesium sulfate containing a crystal water. Everyone needs to pay attention when using Sometimes, when using magnesium sulfate, if you are not careful, you will have extravasation. So what measures should be taken after extravasation? Let's introduce it to everyone.
1. Hot compress: It is mainly used for ischemic changes caused by leakage of vasoconstrictor. Such as: adrenal gland, calcium chloride, potassium chloride and other extravasation treatment.
2. Cold compress: It is mainly used for acute leaky injury mainly with congestive edema, so as to shrink local blood vessels and reduce the spread of local edema and drugs. Such as: 20% mannitol, 4% sodium bicarbonate and other early leakage.
3. Drug wet compress: Magnesium sulfate is commonly used clinically as a venous extravasation wet compress, which is mainly used for long-term intravenous injection of strong irritating drugs
4. Mannitol: When magnesium sulfate is heated to 37 degrees, the number of particles smaller than 25um in the solution is significantly lower than normal temperature (19-21 degrees), which greatly reduces the damage to blood vessels. Mannitol leaks can be treated with topical butacarat or lidocaine.